Beyond the individual HTML pages below,
this FAQ is also available in
as one large document in the following formats:
perlfaq - frequently asked questions about Perl ($Date: 1997/03/11 04:12:30
This document is structured into the following sections:
perlfaq: Structural overview of the FAQ.
perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
perlfaq3: Programming Tools
perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
perlfaq5: Files and Formats
perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
perlfaq8: System Interaction
This document is posted regularly to comp.lang.perl.announce and several other related newsgroups. It is available in a variety of formats from
CPAN in the /CPAN/doc/FAQs/FAQ/ directory, or on the web at http://www.perl.com/perl/faq/ .
You may mail corrections, additions, and suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org. Mail sent to the old perlfaq alias will merely cause the
FAQ to be sent to you.
Your questions will probably go unread, unless they're suggestions of new questions to add to the
FAQ, in which case they should have gone to the email@example.com instead.
You should have read section 2 of this faq. There you would have learned
that comp.lang.perl.misc is the appropriate place to go for free advice. If
your question is really important and you require a prompt and correct
answer, you should hire a consultant.
I first began the Perl
FAQ in the late 80s,
I never realized it would have grown to over a hundred pages, nor that Perl would ever become so popular and widespread. This document could not have been written without the tremendous help provided by Larry Wall and the rest of the Perl Porters.
Copyright (c) 1997 Tom Christiansen and Nathan Torkington. All rights
Permission is granted to distribute this document, in part or in full, via
electronic means or printed copy providing that (1) that all credits and
copyright notices be retained, (2) that no charges beyond reproduction be
involved, and (3) that a reasonable attempt be made to use the most current
Furthermore, you may include this document in any distribution of the full Perl source or binaries, in its verbatim documentation, or on a complete dump of the
CPAN archive, providing that the three stipulations given above continue to be met.
Requests for all other distribution rights, including the incorporation in
part or in full of this text or its code into commercial products such as
but not limited to books, magazine articles, or CD-ROMs, must be made to firstname.lastname@example.org. Any
commercial use of any portion of this document without prior written
authorization by its authors will be subject to appropriate action.
This information is offered in good faith and in the hope that it may be of
use, but is not guaranteed to be correct, up to date, or suitable for any
particular purpose whatsoever. The authors accept no liability in respect
of this information or its use.
This is the initial release of version 3 of the
FAQ; consequently there have been no changes since its